Research to Public Policy

Applied Policy Research, Data Analytics and Reporting.

Income Levels and Distribution

Income is recognized as money earned by people by working, saving and investing or other money received through private pensions, government transfers like social security and various forms of public assistance.  Income measures the capacity of people in a locality to consume goods and services, invest in homes and maintain a stable community.  Income is important to local government since it drives a local economy, affects the demand for public services and influences the base for various taxes used to provide those services.


Multiple data sources are used to measure the full breadth of income, reflect differences in timing, and quantify the income distribution across the population.  The data is described in the tables below.  Methodologies can be found on the source web site. These tables are sorted by the sources used.  Each table contains the variables available and the location, date, period and method for that variable.


Most data is reported by geographic location as published by the source.  Other locations are estimated by using data reported by zip code and aggregating to the appropriate level.  This provides important detail for cities not usually available.


Income distribution across the population is an important measure for public policy. These distributions are available from both the IRS and the ACS data.


The tables include lists of available data.  The tables do not indicate other important metrics such as poverty rates, Gini coefficients, average income levels and many others that can be derived from the data. The ACS survey provides the opportunity to perform many data analytical calculations for more detail in a location.  Contact us for more information.


To see the full description go to the Income Levels and Distribution pdf file